Have you ever wondered, why you feel pain, why you feel pleasure; why you don’t want to feel pain, and why you want to feel pleasure?
Does this surprise to you when the same thing/incident makes someone happy and someone sad?
Do you ever think why pain or pleasure arise, happiness and sadness arise?
When you experience pain or pleasure, you know how you feel, right? You are very aware about physical and mental effect when you feel happiness or sadness, right? However, have you even contemplated on what actually cause you to feel pain or pleasure, and experience happiness or sadness? You might say you feel pain when you are physically or mentally hurt, you experience happiness when something good happens in your life. But do you know why you associated good experience with happiness and being hurt with pain?
The Buddhism explains this well.
How to Get Away From Pain and Experience Pleasure Always?
The Buddhist Philosophy of Cause and Effect
In this world, nothing exists without being caused. Human beings perceive and access the world through the fundamental phenomena of cause and effect. Since there is an effect of pain and pleasure, there is also a cause of pain and pleasure; since you can see the effect of happiness and sadness, you must also realize that there is a cause of happiness and sadness.
Why Things Exist: The True Reason of Existence
The Buddha and the Bodhisattva have nicely explained this. According to the Buddhist philosophy of cause and effect, things – celestial as well as earthly, animate as well as inanimate – exist because of cause. The Buddhist philosophy states that things are caused in four ways:
It would be caused by itself.
It could be caused by something else.
It could be caused by both
It could be caused by nothing at all.
Once a thing is caused by one of the aforementioned reasons, it is bound to create an effect. Effect is the result of cause. The cause and effect are qualitative as well as quantitative distinct phenomena. They have their own inherent attributes, and they do not require one and another.
Why there is effect?
A seed will one day grow into a tree. However, the existence of the seed is without the need for the future tree. Similarly, the tree will exist without any need for the seed to be still around. The existence of the tree is distinct from the existence of the seed, and vice versa. Seed and are two different realities.
In this example of seed and tree, the seed is the cause, and the causal fields such as water, light, warmth etc. bring the effect that is the tree. As long as there is seed (cause), there is bound to be effect (tree). A seed will cause a tree, however, both of these are different realities.
The union of your father and mother causes you to exist. But the union is not you, the effect (you) is very different for the cause (union). Life causes death (effect), but life and death are two distinct phenomena.
The Cause and Effect
The effect is the outcome of cause. However, cause and effect are fundamentally the same thing, or that they are different, or that they are related as part and whole. The cause can be regarded as preceding the effect, as following it, or as being simultaneous with it. You feel pain or pleasure, there is a cause of pain or pleasure, there is an effect of pain or pleasure.
The Buddha and the Bodhisattva explained cause and effect to illustrate the cycle of birth and rebirth and answer questions such as why are we here, what do we do, where do we go?
How to be Awakened and Experience Awareness: Awakening and Awareness According To The Buddha
Hinduism as well as Buddhism, both emphasize in the Awakening. What is Awakening exactly?
What is Awakening?
Awakening means becoming aware about the true nature of the self and understanding the nature of the world. Awakening can happen at any moment; it can happen now, or not even in two years. The moment when you understand the ephemeral nature of the world, the moment you become aware about the illusory nature of the world, suddenly you are awake.
Siddhartha left his home when he was 29 years old. At the age of 40, Siddhartha became the Buddha. He meditated for 11 years, he tried various techniques, he even indoctrinated into Jainism. However, he became awake in the evening when a poor village woman named Sujata fed him rice pudding. Awakening came to Siddhartha suddenly. When Siddhartha was awake, he understood the transient nature of the world, he understood about the sorrow that the self has to go through.
Awakening does not happen automatically, you need to work on it. The Buddha worked on it. There are various causes that can awaken a person, for example: his/her faith in goodness, optimism, hope, finding meaning in life etc.
You can hold on life if you have a meaning in life. You can hold on life if you have hope in life. Having meaning means having purpose in life. Having hope means you are positive about your life.
Finding joy is the ultimate aim of human life. Whatever we do, we do it to find pleasure and happiness. We study in a hope that we will find a good job some day and become happy. We fall in relationship because we expect some day we will live happily ever after.
Happiness is a state of mind. You can be happy even if you don’t have anything, and you remain unhappy even if you have everything you desire. You must be happy with what you have in life, not with the things you desire. Happiness is a feeling, an emotion. Sometimes it can also be a transient thing because what made you happy in the past could now make you unhappy.
Live in present is one of my favorite one-liners from the Buddha. Since we cannot go back to the past or move forward to the future, the only way we can live a life is by living in present. Living in present means becoming aware of your living, that the moment you are living is transient.
The Buddha has clearly defined what exactly is a man, or a woman for that matter. In Buddhist treaties human beings are defined as the sum of mind and matter, where mind stands for consciousness and the matter implies the physical body. Hindu belief system sees human body little differently. According to Hindu treaties, human body is physical body, soul, and the consciousness. Interestingly, both of these belief systems emphasize that human beings are not just physical body, they are beyond that physicality.
Past is history, however, we cannot simply ignore the past. We are the byproducts of the past. We are here because of the past. Thus, you cannot run away from out past. We need to analyze our past so that we can move forward in future. You have to analyze Past is gone, it will never come back, future is far away, you will never reach future, you live in the present your past does not mean, you will have to live in the past. You must let go your past.
The Buddhist Philosophy of Awareness
This cycle of birth and rebirth takes place in Samsara. Samsara is a Sanskrit word used in Hinduism and Buddhism in order to define the world where life exists. Samsara is this physical world where human beings, animals, birds and plants exist; Samsara is the place where the chain of event like birth, living and death occur. Hinduism and Buddhism go little forward and say in the Samsara human beings take birth, they live for certain number of years, they die, and then they are reborn again. This chain of birth and rebirth will continue until the person is in the state of awareness.
Buddhism associates ignorant people, those who do not try to become aware, with animals instincts. All of us are animals until we try to raise from our animal nature by becoming aware.
How to become aware? When you have knowledge and wisdom, you become aware, your sense of awareness increases. When you are aware, you know the reason of creation and destruction, you know the motive behind life and death, you know why you are here, where you come from, where you go.
Becoming aware is the result of understanding the true nature of the world. You will understand night as the night and the day as the day, you will understand everything for what it is and not why your senses tell you. Awareness will dissolve your dissatisfaction and frustrations. When you are aware your wants and wishes will dissipate. You will live a contented life, happy life. The Buddha describes this state as Maha Sukha, the ultimate happiness.